G20 Chair’s Summary and Outcome Document
First G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting
Bengaluru, February 24-25, 2023
All G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors agreed to paragraphs 1, 2 and paragraphs 5 to 17 along with Annexes 1 and 2.
1. We, the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of G20 countries, met on 24-25 February 2023 in Bengaluru, India. Under the Indian Presidency’s theme of “One Earth, One Family, One Future”, we commit to enhancing international policy cooperation and steering the global economy towards securing strong, sustainable,
balanced and inclusive growth.
2. We are deeply anguished by the tragic loss of life and destruction across south-eastern Turkiye from the devastating earthquakes on 6 February 2023, and stand in solidarity with the Turkish people. We also convey our deepest sympathy to the Syrian people,
who were likewise affected by the catastrophic earthquakes. We extend our condolences to the bereaved families. We appreciate the humanitarian assistance already being provided and call upon members and multilateral institutions to continue
providing all possible assistance for recovery and reconstruction.
3. 1Since February 2022, we have also witnessed the war in Ukraine further adversely impact the global economy. There was a discussion on the issue. We reiterated our national positions as expressed in other fora, including the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly, which, in Resolution No. ES-11/1 dated 2 March 2022, as adopted by majority vote (141 votes for, 5 against, 35 abstentions, 12 absent), deplores
in the strongest terms the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and demands its complete and unconditional withdrawal from the territory of Ukraine.
Most members strongly condemned the war in Ukraine and stressed that it is causing immense human suffering and exacerbating existing fragilities in the global economy
– constraining growth, increasing inflation, disrupting supply chains, heightening energy and food insecurity, and elevating financial stability risks. There were other views and different assessments of the situation and sanctions. Recognising that the
[1 Paragraphs 3 and 4 of this document, as taken from the G20 Bali Leaders’ Declaration (15-16 November
2022), were agreed to by all member countries except Russia and China.]
G20 is not the forum to resolve security issues, we acknowledge that security issues can have significant consequences for the global economy.
4. It is essential to uphold international law and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability. This includes defending all the Purposes and Principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and adhering to international humanitarian law,
including the protection of civilians and infrastructure in armed conflicts. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, efforts to address crises, as well as diplomacy and dialogue, are vital. Today’s era must not be of war.
5. Since we last met in October 2022, the global economic outlook has modestly improved. However, global growth remains slow, and downside risks to the outlook persist, including elevated inflation, a resurgence of the pandemic and tighter financing
conditions that could worsen debt vulnerabilities in many Emerging Market and Developing Economies (EMDEs). We, therefore, reiterate the need for well-calibrated monetary, fiscal, financial, and structural policies to promote growth and maintain
macroeconomic as well as financial stability. We will continue to enhance macro policy cooperation and support the progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. As agreed by our Leaders in Bali, we reaffirm the importance of staying agile and flexible in our policy response. We will use macroprudential policies, where required, to safeguard against downside risks. We will prioritise temporary and
targeted fiscal support to vulnerable groups while maintaining medium-term fiscal sustainability. Central banks remain strongly committed to achieving price stability, in line with their respective mandates. They will ensure inflation expectations remain
well anchored and will clearly communicate policy stances to help limit negative crosscountry spillovers. Central bank independence is crucial to maintaining policy credibility. We recognise the importance of supply-side policies, especially policies that increase labour supply, boost growth and alleviate price pressures. We reaffirm our April 2021 exchange rate commitments. We reaffirm the importance of the rulesbased, non-discriminatory, fair, open, inclusive, sustainable and transparent
multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization (WTO) at its core in restoring growth and job creation, and reiterate our commitment to fight protectionism, and encourage concerted efforts for reform of the WTO.
6. Building on the G20 Bali Leaders Declaration, we look forward to the mapping exercises on food insecurity currently being undertaken by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Bank. We task the Framework Working Group under the G20 Indian Presidency to work on macroeconomic scenarios, consequences and impacts of food and energy insecurity and their implications for the global economy
and in policy settings. We look forward to deepening the G20 Finance Track policy discussions on assessing the macroeconomic risks to strong, sustainable, balanced, and
inclusive growth (SSBIG), including those stemming from climate change and various transition policies taking into account country-specific circumstances.
7. Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) play a key role in development financing. While maintaining their focus on poverty reduction and all other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), we recognise the need for MDBs to evolve given the scope and complexity of transboundary challenges and the resultant increase in demand on their lending resources, knowledge support, and for catalysing private investment. We will work to strengthen MDBs towards this end. We take note of the World Bank’s Roadmap for evolving the Bank’s mission, operational approach, and financial capacity within their country engagement model and call upon other MDBs to report on their efforts to address similar challenges. We look forward to receiving the report of the Expert Group proposed by the G20 Indian Presidency for deliberations on this issue in our third meeting in 2023. Taking forward the mandate given by the G20 Leaders in Bali, we task the International Financial Architecture Working Group to work with the MDBs to develop a G20 Roadmap, for implementing the recommendations of the G20 Independent Review of MDBs Capital Adequacy Frameworks (CAF) based on updates from MDBs in Spring 2023. We look forward to receiving the roadmap in our third meeting in 2023. We urge MDBs to increase their efforts to discuss and propose options for implementing the recommendations within their own governance framework while safeguarding MDBs’ long-term financial sustainability, robust credit ratings and preferred creditor status. We support MDBs’ continued strong engagement with Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs) in line with the recommendations of the CAF panel. We acknowledge the concluding report on the 2020 Shareholding Review of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and look forward to the 2025 shareholding review.
Infrastructure Working group to finalise the principles to guide the process as soon as financial system. We reiterate our commitment to strengthening the long-term resilience of the international financial architecture, including by promoting sustainable capital flows and developing local currency capital markets. We look forward to continued discussions with international organizations on the coherent
implementation of international frameworks for the use of capital flow management measures, while being mindful of their original purpose. We will continue to monitor the dynamics of capital flows to harness their benefits and manage risks, including those arising from spillovers. We also look forward to discussions on the possible
impact of climate change related policies on capital flows.
9. We recognize the urgency to address debt vulnerabilities in low and middle-income countries. Strengthening multilateral coordination by official bilateral and private creditors is needed to address the deteriorating debt situation and facilitate coordinated
debt treatment for debt-distressed countries. We stand by all the commitments made in the ‘‘Common Framework for Debt Treatments beyond the DSSI’’, including those
in second and final paragraphs, as agreed on November 13, 2020 and step up the implementation of the Common Framework in a predictable, timely, orderly and coordinated manner. We welcome the conclusion of debt treatment for Chad and call for a swift conclusion of the work on debt treatment for Zambia and Ethiopia. We also look forward to the rapid formation of the official creditor committee for Ghana to work on the requested debt treatment. Further, we look forward to a swift resolution to Sri Lanka’s debt situation. We task the International Financial Architecture Working Group to develop a G20 Note on the Global Debt Landscape in a fair and comprehensive manner. We welcome joint efforts by all stakeholders, including private creditors, to continue working towards enhancing debt transparency and look
forward to the results of the voluntary stocktaking exercise of data sharing with IFIs.
We welcome the efforts of private sector lenders who have already contributed data to the joint Institute of International Finance (IIF)/OECD Data Repository Portal and continue to encourage others to also contribute on a voluntary basis.
10. We recognize the potential of cities as centres of economic growth and emphasize the need to make cities inclusive, resilient, and sustainable. We agree to develop a set of voluntary and non-binding principles that reflect a shared understanding for financing
the cities of tomorrow. We look forward to sharing examples on innovative financing models to scale up private sector investment to address the infrastructure financing gap for creating future cities. To facilitate financing for better urban infrastructure, we task
the Infrastructure Working Group to outline the enablers of inclusive cities and develop a Framework on Capacity Building of Urban Administration. We also agree to continue working on the ongoing agenda of Quality Infrastructure Investment (QII) transition finance framework and climate and sustainability data, in line with country
possible. We look forward to the planned 2023 Infrastructure Investors’ Dialogue to integrate the private sector perspective in designing policies for financing the cities of tomorrow.
11. We reaffirm our steadfast commitment to strengthen the full and effective implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement. We recall and reaffirm the commitment made by developed
countries to the goal of mobilizing USD 100 billion climate finance per year by 2020 and annually through 2025 to address the needs of developing countries, in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency in implementation and stress the importance of meeting that goal fully as soon as possible. We recognize the importance of scaling up climate finance to address both mitigation and adaptation efforts in a balanced manner. Mobilization of timely and adequate resources for climate finance
is needed for meeting ambitious net zero emission targets. We recognize the
importance of increasing finance from a variety of sources, public and private, bilateral,and multilateral, including alternative sources of finance. We also encourage financial solutions, policies and incentives needed to mobilize capital for the rapid development,
demonstration, and deployment of climate technologies, which are vital for a robust ecosystem of climate technology start-ups. We look forward to the development of a list of options to support climate investments and transition activities in line with country circumstances. The options will include ways to expand risk- sharing facilities,
as well as policies and financial instruments to support private capital for investment in green and low-carbon technologies. We reiterate the importance of a policy mix consisting of fiscal, market and regulatory mechanisms including, as appropriate, the use of carbon pricing and non-pricing mechanisms and incentives, towards carbon neutrality and net zero. We look forward to the compendium comprising the discussions at the workshop on “Non-Pricing Policy Levers to Support Sustainable Investment”.
12. Sustainable finance is critical in achieving sustainable, resilient, inclusive and equitable economic growth which meets the needs of the present without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Towards achieving this goal and also in promoting orderly, just, and affordable transitions, we will take action to enable enhanced financing for SDGs, including and beyond climate, in line with the G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap. Building on public and private initiatives, we ask the Sustainable Finance Working Group to develop an analytical framework for enabling
finance for SDGs, with initial focus on nature-related data and reporting and social impact investing, taking country circumstances into consideration. We encourage members to share challenges and policy experiences for the compendium of best practices for financing SDGs by jurisdictions, international organisations and the
private sector. We look forward to the development of G20 Sustainable Finance Technical Assistance Action Plan to give recommendations for scaling up capacitybuilding and technical assistance in sustainable finance, including areas such as
transition finance framework and climate and sustainability data, in line with country specific needs and circumstances. We welcome the valuable discussions held in the
Workshop on Capacity Building at the first meeting of the Sustainable Finance
Working Group which has laid the foundation for Technical Assistance Action Plan.
We also welcome the progress made by members, international organizations,
networks and initiatives in the implementation of the G20 Sustainable Finance Roadmap, which is voluntary and flexible in nature, and call for further efforts to advance the roadmap’s recommended actions, including among others the transition
finance framework. We look forward to the early finalization of standards by the
International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) for climate-related financial disclosures, and its work beyond climate.