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G7 - Hiroshima May 2023

Updated: May 22, 2023

G7 Hiroshima Leaders’ Communiqué

May 20, 2023

<Preamble>

1. We, the Leaders of the Group of Seven (G7), met in Hiroshima for our annual Summit on May 19- 21, 2023, more united than ever in our determination to meet the global challenges of this

moment and set the course for a better future. Our work is rooted in respect for the Charter of the United Nations (UN) and international partnership.

We are taking concrete steps to:

support Ukraine for as long as it takes in the face of Russia’s illegal war of aggression;

strengthen disarmament and non-proliferation efforts, towards the ultimate goal of a world

without nuclear weapons with undiminished security for all;

 coordinate our approach to economic resilience and economic security that is based on

diversifying and deepening partnerships and de-risking, not de-coupling;

 drive the transition to clean energy economies of the future through cooperation within and beyond the G7;

 launch the Hiroshima Action Statement for Resilient Global Food Security with partner countries to address needs today and into the future; and deliver our goal of mobilizing up to $600 billion in financing for quality infrastructure through

the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII)

as outlined in the reference documents of this Communique.

We are determined to work together and with others to:

 support a free and open Indo-Pacific and oppose any unilateral attempts to change the status

quo by force or coercion;

 foster a strong and resilient global economic recovery, maintain financial stability, and

promote jobs and sustainable growth;

accelerate achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), recognizing that

reducing poverty and tackling the climate and nature crisis go hand in hand;

 promote the evolution of the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs);

 strengthen our partnerships with African countries and support greater African

representation in multilateral fora;

 preserve the planet by accelerating the decarbonization of our energy sector and the

deployment of renewables, end plastic pollution and protect the oceans;

 deepen cooperation through Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs), the Climate Club and

new Country Packages for Forest, Nature and Climate;

 invest in global health through vaccine manufacturing capacity worldwide, the Pandemic Fund, the future international agreement for pandemic prevention, preparedness and response, and efforts to achieve universal health coverage (UHC);  cooperate on international migration and strengthen our common effort to fight the trafficking and smuggling of human beings; and advance international discussions on inclusive artificial intelligence (AI) governance and interoperability to achieve our common vision and goal of trustworthy AI, in line with our shared democratic values. 2. We will champion international principles and shared values by:  upholding and reinforcing the free and open international order based on the rule of law, respecting the UN Charter to the benefit of countries, large and small;  strongly opposing any unilateral attempts to change the peacefully established status of territories by force or coercion anywhere in the world and reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is prohibited;  promoting universal human rights, gender equality and human dignity;  reiterating the importance of multilateralism including the role of UN and international cooperation in promoting peace, stability and prosperity; and  strengthening the rules-based multilateral trading system and keeping pace with the evolution of digital technologies. 3. We will work with our international partners to achieve a world that is human-centered, inclusive and resilient, leaving no one behind. In that spirit, we welcomed the participation of the Leaders of Australia, Brazil, Comoros, Cook Islands, India, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, and Vietnam. <Ukraine> 4. We once again condemn in the strongest possible terms the war of aggression by Russia against Ukraine, which constitutes a serious violation of international law, including the UN Charter. Russia’s brutal war of aggression represents a threat to the whole world in breach of fundamental norms, rules and principles of the international community. We reaffirm our unwavering support for Ukraine for as long as it takes to bring a comprehensive, just and lasting peace. We issued the G7 Leaders’ Statement on Ukraine, and with the clear intention and concrete actions set forth in it, we commit to intensifying our diplomatic, financial, humanitarian and military support for Ukraine, to increasing the costs to Russia and those supporting its war efforts, and to continuing to counter the negative impacts of the war on the rest of the world, particularly on the most vulnerable people.

10. We recognize that achieving the sustainable development goals by 2030, reducing poverty,

responding to global challenges including the climate crisis, and addressing debt vulnerabilities in

low and middle-income countries are urgent, interrelated and mutually reinforcing. We are

determined to do our part to mobilize the private and public resources needed to meet these

challenges and support a just transition. Recognizing the importance of providing and protecting

global public goods, we will support efforts to embed building resilience, sustainability and

inclusiveness as integral elements in MDBs’ efforts to reduce poverty and promote shared

prosperity. We will strive to enhance the development finance toolkit to mobilize additional

financing from international financial institutions, bilateral partners, and the private sector to

more effectively reduce poverty by better addressing vulnerabilities including climate change.

We will work together and with partners to deliver this ambition and make concrete progress on

this agenda at key moments over the coming year starting with the Summit organized in Paris on

June 22-23 to revitalize global development financing, and continuing the momentum through

the G20 Summit in New Delhi, the SDG Summit in New York, the 2023 World Bank Group (WBG)

and International Monetary Fund (IMF) Annual Meetings in Marrakech, the G20 Compact with

Africa Conference in Berlin, and the 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the UN

Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC-COP 28) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

11. We are determined to take on a leading role in reversing the setback of progress towards the

SDGs. Recognizing that 2023 is the halfway point to achieve the SDGs, we highlight the

importance of the SDG Summit in September and will ambitiously contribute to a successful

outcome. We reaffirm our commitment to revitalizing international cooperation and strengthen

multilateralism. We will accelerate the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable

Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA), and will do so in a comprehensive and

gender-transformative manner including through locally-led development. We will also promote

the concept of human security in the new era aiming to realize a society that leaves no one

behind. We stress the critical role of development cooperation and international partnerships in

addressing global challenges and the need to engage with international partners in solidarity.

We also call for further domestic resource mobilization and efficient use of existing resources as

well as mobilizing private financial assets to address financing gaps for sustainable development.

We underscore the need for continued efforts to scale up official development assistance (ODA)

and expand its catalytic use including through innovative financing mechanisms, recognizing the

importance of respective commitments, such as the 0.7% ODA/GNI target that some countries

adopted.

12. We remain concerned that serious challenges to debt sustainability are undermining the progress

towards the SDGs and low-and middle-income countries are disproportionately affected by

Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine and wider global challenges. We reiterate the urgency

building on ICAO’s Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). under the GBF and stand ready to provide support to developing countries. We reiterate our

commitment to substantially increase our national and international funding for nature by 2025. We will ensure that our international development assistance aligns with the GBF. We call on the MDBs to increase support for biodiversity including through leveraging financial resources from all sources and deploying a full suite of instruments. To implement the GBF, we commit to substantially and progressively increasing the level of financial resources from all sources, and to align all relevant fiscal and financial flows with the GBF and call on others to do the same. We commit to supporting the establishment of the GBF Fund within the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and its successful launch at the GEF Assembly in Vancouver in August 2023, noting the importance of financial contributions from all sources to capitalize the new fund. We reaffirm our commitment to enhance synergies between finance for climate and biodiversity, including increased funding for Nature-based Solutions. We also commit to supporting and advancing a transition to nature positive economies, including through sharing knowledge and creating information networks among the G7 such as the G7 Alliance on Nature Positive Economy. We call on businesses to progressively reduce negative and increase positive impacts on biodiversity. We look forward to the publication of the Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures’ (TNFD’s) market framework and urge market participants, governments and regulators to support its development. We stress our commitment to achieving the target of effectively conserving and managing at least 30 percent of terrestrial and inland water areas, and at least 30 percent of marine and coastal areas by 2030 (30 by 30), nationally and globally, according to national circumstances and approaches through promoting the designation and management of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs). We commit to conserving and protecting global marine biological diversity and sustainably using its resources based on the best available scientific evidence. In this context, we reconfirm our commitment under the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to adopt, as a matter of urgency, proposals to designate Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Eastern Antarctica, the Weddell Sea and the Western Antarctic Peninsula, based on the best available scientific evidence. In this regard, we will support other countries by sharing best practices for protected areas and OECMs to achieve the GBF target of 30 by 30. We will enhance international cooperation on measures against invasive alien species. We reiterate our commitment to halting and reversing forest loss and land degradation by 2030, and are committed to conserving forests and other terrestrial ecosystems and accelerating their restoration, supporting sustainable value and supply chains as well as promoting sustainable forest management and use of wood. We will work together, with high ambition to deliver integrated solutions to support the protection, conservation and restoration of high-carbon, high-biodiversity ecosystems, including by coordinating our offers through Country Packages on Forests, Nature and Climate, especially in countries which host vital reserves of carbon and biodiversity, with an initial focus on forests. We commit to continuing our efforts to reduce risk of deforestation and forest and land degradation linked to the production of relevant commodities and enhance cooperation with various

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